We recommend using FUTURO orthoses, supports and protections. Find them in Ankle sprains or strains continue to suffer from casts, splints and other immobilizations when stabilization with an ankle brace is opted for. Distortion trauma can be acute (due to shock, contrasts, collisions or sudden changes of direction) or chronic ( after considerable and sustained loads). Distortion is the momentary loss and incomplete joint relationships between two bone heads. ankle anatomy Main article: Ankle anatomy and functions The traumatic event can lead, in the ankle of an athlete, to a joint disease, divided into two panels: laxity, with capsular lesions, strains and lacerations of the lateral compartment and the medial ligaments of the ankle and subtalar joints, which determine a joint excursion beyond physiological limits; the one of ‘instability, the athlete feels like a sign of failure of the joint during the sporting gesture and anatomopathologically objective in a rest more or less of the total of the ligaments. Dimensions of the problem: 5000 sprains every day in Italy 20% of sports injuries chronic dysfunction in 30% of cases and frequent recurrences high social costs “A lesa caviglia is unstable and the assumption of recurrent distortions, therefore, understand the importance of good rehabilitation after an episode of distortion “Grade 0 classification: talar inclination less than 8 °, no ligament ruptures; Grade 1: talar inclination (10 ° -20 °), torn peroneal ligament- versus talar; Grade 2: inclination talar (20 ° -30 °), rupture of the anterior peroneal ligament of the talus and the peroneal calcaneus; Grade 3: talar inclination greater than 30 °, the rupture of three ligaments Symptoms Further information: Symptoms ankle sprain Vivid pain, located at the level of the front area of the lateral malleolus, which occurs during palpation; Modest or substantial joint level and periarticular swelling, a sign of rupture of the small arteriole that passes over the anterior talofibular ligament (Robert-Jaspert sign); functional limitation caused by the pain that the patient experiences during the movements of the joint; Instability of ‘ankle joint Conservative treatment Main article: Remedies for sprained ankle It is divided into 3 phases: acute sub-acute of functional rehabilitation ACUTE PHASE The most accredited protocol for acute injuries is the protection of compression price Rest ice Elevation In the acute phase the objectives are: a) Immobilization; b) Decrease in “chemical irritants” that cause pain and promote “tissue stasis” (or edema); c) The prevention of new mechanical stresses of the injured structure. SUB-ACUTE PHASE In the subacute phase, the goal of treatment is to subject the injured tissue to a series of mechanical stresses, which are useful in promoting the physiological orientation of the collagen fibers. The objectives of this phase are: a) The elimination of pain; b) The particularity of the recovery; c) Elimination of muscle spasms; d) Elimination of ‘edema; e) The recovery of muscular strength. To achieve these goals using massage, physical therapy, mobilization techniques, and physical therapy. REHABILITATION PHASE During functional rehabilitation it is aimed at: a) Recovery of proprioception; b) Recovery of strength; c) Prevention of recurrence. The FUNCTIONAL bandage prevents the appearance of relapses or recurrences when motor activity is triggered; prevents damage from prolonged immobilization or functional inactivity; Reduces recovery time If the inclusion of an ankle sprain in adverse places, far from possible relief, we do not take your shoe to examine the injury. The resulting pain associated with the swelling could in fact hamper the foot’s reintegration into the shoe. .
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